18 | The Jewelry Business Magazine Continued to Pg 20 HOW SAFE IS YOUR SAFE? WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT BURGLARY RESISTANT SAFES By David Sexton Each layer of protection works in harmony and wholly interdependent on the active operation of the other two to achieve the necessary balance an exposure to jewelry loss may require. When any one layer of protection is diminished there is a need to compensate the other two layers to assure the efficacy of the intended overall protection strategy. For example, when a jeweler cannot get the reliable electronic protection they need, they can compensate for this by enhancing their physical protection instead. Recent attacks conducted on safes during burglaries of jewelry operations have raised concerns in the industry with jewelers asking themselves “How safe is my safe?” A burglary-resistant safe is designed to provide protection that incorporates steel and composite materials (metal alloys) in the body and door of the safe container. The nature of the composite materials employed will vary between safe manufacturers. These composite materials will help protect the safe from attacks by tools, torches and, in some instances, even explosives. Underwriters Laboratories LLC conducts a safe, modular vault panel and vault door attack testing program to determine how long a safe, modular vault panel or door will withstand a burglary attack under laboratory conditions using specified attack tools. The requirements for burglary-resistant safes can be found in UL 687, Standard for Burglary-Resistant Safes. Safes that have been submitted and successfully evaluated by UL are given a UL Listing in the category of “Burglar-Resistant Safes” and can be identified by a UL Label that is typically affixed to the safe door. UL Listed safes must have a combination lock complying with UL 768 Standard for Combination Locks, of Group 1 or 1R as well as a relocking device. Group 1 locks provide better protection than Group 2 locks. Group 1R locks are like Group 1 locks and have tumblers that are radiologically (X-ray) secure, thus the R designation. A relock device is a device located within a safe or vault door that is activated if someone attempts to drill, punch, or burn through the locking mechanism. It will set the relock bars into the jambs of the safe or vault in a locked position, not allowing the handle to open the door. UL Listed safes must weigh, at a minimum, 750 lbs. or be provided with a means to anchor the safe within a larger safe, concrete block, or to the actual protected property. Effective security for any retail jewelry operation entails layers of appropriate physical security, including safes and vaults, reliable electronic protection and consistently observed procedural precautions. The physical security is intended to keep the would-be-burglar out. The electronic security will detect unauthorized access when the burglar alarm is armed in the event the physical protection is compromised. The safe and/or vault will buy time for the police or UL Central Station guard to respond to the alarm signal to prevent or minimize a loss in progress. Procedural recommendations, which may be the most important and most cost effective, require the least amount of effort for the jeweler and associates.